Rescue teams are thrashing through dense forest hundreds of metres above a cave complex, searching for an alternative way to extract 12 boys and their soccer coach who are not yet ready to make a treacherous dive out, the local governor says.
Their work above the Tham Luang cave near Thailand’s northern border with Myanmar took on added urgency as forecasts for rain threatened a plan to bring the boys back through cramped, waterlogged passageways to the cave entrance.
Gov. Narongsak Osottanakor told reporters Friday that there are concerns about both weather and oxygen levels, but that they want to minimize risk as much as possible.
“We want to find the way down. I believe we are close,” Thanes Weerasiri, president of the Engineering Institute of Thailand, told Reuters earlier in the day at a makeshift camp for volunteers and media near the cave.
Helicopters buzzed overhead before flying to the dense blanket of green hills above the cave to help look for an alternate extraction route.
Rescue efforts since British divers found the team on Monday have focused on draining the flooded cave and teaching the boys, “some of whom are as young as 11 and not competent swimmers,” to attempt dives that would challenge expert cavers.
“We can no longer wait for all conditions [to be ready] because circumstances are pressuring us,” Rear Adm. Arpakorn Yookongkaew, the Thai SEAL commander, told a news conference.
“We originally thought the boys can stay safe inside the cave for quite some time, but circumstances have changed. We have limited amount of time.”
Inserting oxygen line
Oxygen levels are decreasing because of the amount of workers inside the cave and workers were trying to run an oxygen line into the chambers in addition to the scuba tanks used by divers, Osatanakorn said late Thursday.
A senior army commander, Maj. Gen. Chalongchai Chaiyakam, said the most pressing mission is the oxygen line. It is tied to a telephone line to provide a channel of communication for the kids, who are stuck deep in the complex but are being looked after by four SEALs, including a medic.
The death of a former Thai Navy SEAL working in the flooded cave on Friday has shaken the rescue mission, and forecasts for more rain could undermine the draining of the cave, forcing officials to consider other options.
The death of former Saman Gunan, former petty officer first class, early Friday morning during an underwater swim in the partly flooded cave struck a particularly deep chord with Thais, because he was a volunteer on a humanitarian mission that has riveted the nation.
Thanes’s engineers are working with the army to explore an area they believe to be the back end of the cave, chiselling away fragile limestone rocks that he said could be just hundreds of metres from where the boys are trapped.
“Originally we were exploring it as a way to bring supplies to the children from the back end of the cave, but now it could become more,” said Thanes.
Chalongchai Chaiyakum, a senior Thai army officer, said that one team travelled some 300 metres down a shaft on the hill on Thursday until they reached a dead end.
He said that up to 200 people are exploring the hill to try to find a workable shaft.
The muddy bank where the boys are stranded is some four kilometres from the front entrance of the cave, with sections of the final 1.7-kilometre stretch completely underwater.
Drilling down raises concerns that parts of the cave could collapse on the boys. Efforts to widen diving channels, have raised similar fears about blocking narrow passageways and hemming the team in.
Billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk tweeted on Friday that engineers from his firms — SpaceX and The Boring Company — were heading to Thailand to see if they could assist the rescue.
The firms have “advance ground penetrating radar” that is “pretty good at digging holes” or technology that could “create an air tunnel underwater” for the children to traverse, Musk said earlier.
The Thai government said Musk’s team could help the rescue operation with location tracking, water pumping or battery power.
Relatives of the boys, some of whom have camped at the site since the team became trapped, say all they want is the safest exit for their children.
“I’m worried … he has never dived,” said Somboon Kaewwongwan, the father of a 16-year-old boy trapped in the cave.